The Role of Primary Healthcare in Improving the Maternal and Infant Mortality in Pakistan

Main Article Content

Sadaf Dawood
Mehwish Fatima
Anam Daayem


Background: Maternal and neonatal mortality remains a significant public health challenge globally, particularly in countries like Pakistan, which exhibit some of the highest rates of such mortalities. Effective primary healthcare interventions are crucial for mitigating these rates, focusing on enhancing the quality of care provided to mothers and newborns. Understanding the scope and impact of these interventions can inform future strategies to improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes.

Objective: This review aims to evaluate the existing literature on primary healthcare interventions targeting maternal and neonatal mortality, identifying the types of interventions employed, their focus areas, and the outcomes achieved, with a specific interest in the context of Pakistan.

Methods: A scoping review methodology was employed, analyzing studies that investigated primary healthcare interventions designed to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. The review included studies published in English, utilizing a mix of research methodologies, and focused on interventions such as morbidity and mortality review processes, healthcare worker training, and community engagement strategies. Databases searched included Google Scholar, OVID, and the WHO Global Health Library, among others.

Results: Out of 25 studies reviewed, a majority concentrated on healthcare team and program-level interventions rather than systemic healthcare reforms. Key areas of focus included enhancing review processes for maternity and neonatal care, training and education for healthcare workers, and community development initiatives. However, there was a noted lack of interventions directly improving the healthcare experiences of mothers and newborns. Mixed methods were the most common research approach, aligning with the complexity of evaluating health system interventions.

Conclusion: To improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes in Pakistan, a comprehensive approach addressing the entire health system is required. This involves not only focusing on the delivery of healthcare services but also incorporating community insights, continuous education programs, and leadership modifications in healthcare services. Future strategies should prioritize the application of standardized and relevant methods to enhance the quality of maternity and newborn care initiatives, aiming for scalable improvements in healthcare outcomes.

Article Details

How to Cite
Dawood, S., Fatima, M., & Daayem, A. (2024). The Role of Primary Healthcare in Improving the Maternal and Infant Mortality in Pakistan. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 514–518.
Author Biographies

Sadaf Dawood, Love and Trust Hospital Chachro Pakistan.

Consultant, Obstetrician and Gynecologist.

Mehwish Fatima, Memon Medical Institute Karachi Pakistan.

HOD, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

Anam Daayem, Ehad Virtual Health Pakistan.

Director, Clinics and Virtual Health.


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