Correlation Of Lipid Profile and Das28 Score of Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients on Conventional Synthetic Dmards

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Shafaq Ilyas
Aflak Rasheed
Shumaila Naz
Faiqa Nazir


Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation and a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. The relationship between RA disease activity, lipid profiles, and the impact of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) on these parameters is an area of ongoing research.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between lipid profiles and the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS-28) in patients with early RA who were on conventional synthetic DMARDs.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 30 RA patients from a rheumatology department were enrolled over six months. The study included adults aged 30-70 years, of both genders, who had been on DMARDs for at least 6 months. Exclusion criteria included fracture of the affected joint, pregnancy, use of steroids or lipid-lowering agents, and heavy smoking. Data on demographics, disease duration, type of DMARDs, and lipid profiles were collected. The DAS-28 score was calculated for each patient. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Version 25, with Pearson’s Correlation coefficient used to measure relationships between variables.

Results: The cohort consisted of 53.3% males and 46.7% females, with a mean age of 48.23 years. The majority (76.7%) were rheumatoid factor positive. The most commonly used DMARD was Methotrexate (46.7%). The study found strong negative correlations between DAS-28 scores and lipid levels: total cholesterol (Pearson's r = -0.837), triglycerides (r = -0.759), LDL (r = -0.720), and HDL (r = -0.689). BMI showed a significant positive correlation with DAS-28 (r = 0.711). A notable negative correlation was observed between the duration of DMARD use and DAS-28 scores (r = -0.777).

Conclusion: The study indicates a significant correlation between lipid profiles and disease activity in RA patients on DMARDs. The findings suggest that effective RA management with DMARDs could influence lipid metabolism and potentially reduce cardiovascular risks. These insights are crucial for developing comprehensive RA treatment strategies that encompass both joint health and cardiovascular considerations.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ilyas , S., Rasheed , A., Naz, S., & Nazir, F. (2024). Correlation Of Lipid Profile and Das28 Score of Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients on Conventional Synthetic Dmards. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 400–405.
Author Biographies

Shafaq Ilyas , Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Trainee Rheumatology, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute.

Aflak Rasheed , Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Associate Professor of Rheumatology, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute.

Shumaila Naz, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Trainee Rheumatology, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute.

Faiqa Nazir, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Trainee Internal Medicine, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute.


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