The Grieving Process for Nurses: A Concept Analysis

Main Article Content

Safiah Mir
Khush Bakht
Syed Afzal Shah


Background: This study delved into the nuanced experience of grieving among nurses, shedding light on an essential yet often overlooked aspect of their professional and personal lives. Grief among nurses is a significant issue due to the frequent exposure to patient deaths and personal losses, which can profoundly impact their emotional and psychological well-being.

Objective: The objective of this study was to employ a structured approach to conceptualize and elucidate the multifaceted nature of nurses' grief. The study aimed to identify defining attributes, antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents of nurses' grieving process, providing a comprehensive understanding to inform targeted interventions.

Methods: This concept analysis used Walker and Avant's methodological framework, which includes eight steps: topic selection, establishing analysis goals, recognizing all possible uses of the concept, defining attributes, presenting a model case, identifying additional cases (e.g., borderline, contrary), determining antecedents and consequences, and describing empirical referents. A comprehensive literature review was conducted using databases such as PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Data collection involved reviewing existing literature on the grieving process, emotional distress, burnout, self-care, and supportive interventions for nurses. The ethical principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki were followed, ensuring confidentiality and anonymity of all data sources.

Results: The defining attributes of the grieving process for nurses included intense emotions (sadness, anger, guilt, depression), physical and emotional pain, and the unique demands of the nursing profession. Antecedents identified were personal loss and exposure to patient deaths, while consequences included emotional distress, impaired work performance, and increased stress. Empirical referents were measurable indicators such as the frequency of crying episodes, reports of physical symptoms, changes in work performance, and use of coping strategies. The analysis found that 85% of nurses experienced significant emotional distress, 70% reported impaired work performance, and 60% utilized some form of support or coping strategy.

Conclusion: Understanding the grieving process among nurses is crucial for developing effective interventions and support systems. This study's findings underscore the importance of education, supportive interventions, self-care practices, and teamwork in promoting nurses' well-being and enhancing patient care outcomes. By providing a comprehensive understanding of nurses' grief, the study contributes valuable insights to nursing knowledge and practice, highlighting the need for targeted interventions to support nurses in coping with the emotional challenges of their profession.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mir, S., Bakht, K., & Shah, S. A. (2024). The Grieving Process for Nurses: A Concept Analysis. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1495–1499.
Author Biographies

Safiah Mir, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital Islamabad Pakistan.

RN, BScN and MSN scholar, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan.

Khush Bakht, National University of Medical Sciences Rawalpindi Pakistan.

BSN, MSN, MSN Scholar, National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Syed Afzal Shah, Abasyn University Peshawar Pakistan.

Lecturer, BSN, MS Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Abasyn University Peshawar, Pakistan.


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