Knowledge & Practice of Nurses Regarding Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection & Prevention

Main Article Content

Komal Shahbaz
Beenish Sarwar
Umar Hayat
Mehwish Sarwar


Background: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are crucial in medical care but pose a significant risk for bloodstream infections, leading to increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Effective knowledge and practices among nurses are essential for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI).

Objective: To assess the knowledge and practices of nurses regarding the prevention of CLABSI at Sughra Shafi Medical Complex Narowal and identify factors influencing these practices.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 200 staff nurses selected from a population of 400 using a non-probability convenient sampling technique. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire covering demographics, professional experience, and specific knowledge and practices related to CLABSI prevention. The study was conducted over six months, and data analysis was performed using SPSS version 25, with chi-square and Fisher exact tests applied to determine associations between variables. Ethical approval was obtained, and all participants provided informed consent.

Results: The study included 200 nurses, predominantly female (90%), with ages ranging from 18 to 37 years (mean age 25 ± 3.9 years). Professional experience varied, with 36.5% having 1-5 years, 41% having 6-10 years, and 22.5% having 11-15 years of experience (mean experience 7.31 ± 3.0 years). Knowledge assessment revealed that 68.5% knew CVCs should be routinely replaced, and 88.5% were aware of disinfecting catheter insertion sites with 10% povidone-iodine. However, only 43% regularly performed hand hygiene before inserting a central line, and 48.5% used chlorhexidine for skin preparation.

Conclusion: While nurses demonstrated satisfactory knowledge regarding CLABSI prevention, their practices were inadequate, indicating a need for enhanced training and adherence to infection prevention protocols.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shahbaz, K., Sarwar, B., Hayat, U., & Sarwar, M. (2024). Knowledge & Practice of Nurses Regarding Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection & Prevention. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1462–1466.
Author Biographies

Komal Shahbaz, Kot Khawaja Saeed Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Staff Nurse, Kot Khawaja Saeed Hospital Lahore, Pakistan.

Beenish Sarwar, Shalarmar Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Nursing Intern, Shalarmar Hospital Lahore, Pakistan.

Umar Hayat, Shalamar College of Nursing Lahore Pakistan.

Senior Nursing Instructor, Shalamar College of Nursing, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mehwish Sarwar, Social Security Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Staff Nurse, Social Security Hospital Lahore, Pakistan.


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