Incidence of Renal Impairment in Elderly Hospitalized Patients

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Yasir Ali
Saeeda Khan
Amna Mumtaz
Muhammad Awais
Soban Abu Khifs
Bilal Ashraf
Farhan Ahmed


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly prevalent among the elderly, leading to progressive kidney function decline and adversely affecting their physical and cognitive well-being.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the incidence and effects of renal impairment on physical and cognitive functions in elderly hospitalized patients.

Methods: A total of 420 elderly patients admitted with renal impairment to a tertiary care hospital in Karachi were included from January to August 2023. We measured the estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score, and collected comprehensive demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical data, including a detailed geriatric assessment.

Results: The cohort had a mean age of 78.4±5.8 years, with a nearly even gender split (51.9% male, 48.9% female). Average BMI was 24.8±4.5 Kg/m^2, mean eGFR was 56.6±18.6 mL/min per 1.73 m^2, and mean SPPB score was 4.9±3.5. High prevalence of comorbidities was noted: hypertension (68.6%), diabetes (27.6%), coronary artery disease (28.6%), and others. Renal impairment was categorized as severe (12.9%), mild (27.1%), and moderate (60%).

Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between advanced age and renal failure, leading to diminished physical and cognitive capabilities in the elderly, indicating a critical need for integrated care strategies.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yasir Ali, Saeeda Khan, Amna Mumtaz, Muhammad Awais, Soban Abu Khifs, Bilal Ashraf, & Farhan Ahmed. (2024). Incidence of Renal Impairment in Elderly Hospitalized Patients. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1386–1390.
Author Biographies

Yasir Ali, Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan,MSN - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan

MSN - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan

Saeeda Khan, Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan

MSN Scholar - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan

Amna Mumtaz, Institute of Cardiology - DG Khan - Pakistan

Medical Officer - Institute of Cardiology - DG Khan - Pakistan

Muhammad Awais, Saidu Group of Teaching Hospitals - Swat - Pakistan

Department of Medicine - Saidu Group of Teaching Hospitals - Swat - Pakistan

Soban Abu Khifs, Ayub Teaching Hospital - Abbottabad - Pakistan

House Officer - Ayub Teaching Hospital - Abbottabad - Pakistan

Bilal Ashraf, Saidu Group of Teaching Hospitals - Swat - Pakistan

House Officer - Department of Medicine - Saidu Group of Teaching Hospitals - Swat - Pakistan

Farhan Ahmed, Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan

MSN - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Ziauddin University - Karachi - Pakistan


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