To Explore the Nutritional Status Assesstment of Patients Suffering from Chronic Gastritis

Main Article Content

Iftikhar Ahmed
Asma Afreen
Waqar Ahmad
Aftab Ahmed Abro
Faiza Iftikhar


Background: Chronic gastritis, a prevalent condition characterized by inflammation of the stomach lining, has been associated with various dietary factors and lifestyle choices. Despite its widespread occurrence, there is a scarcity of research focusing on the nutritional status and dietary habits of individuals affected by this condition. Understanding the relationship between dietary practices and the management of chronic gastritis symptoms is essential for improving patient care and outcomes.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients with chronic gastritis and explore the association between dietary habits and the severity of gastritis symptoms, with the ultimate goal of identifying dietary interventions that could alleviate symptom severity.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed, involving 200 patients diagnosed with chronic gastritis. Data were collected through structured interviews and medical record reviews, focusing on demographics, dietary habits, symptom severity, and nutritional status. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25, encompassing both descriptive and inferential statistics to examine the relationships between dietary factors and gastritis symptoms.

Results: Of the participants, 42% reported unintentional weight loss since their diagnosis, and 45% actively monitored their portion sizes to manage symptoms. Additionally, 36% of patients made a conscious effort to include high-fiber foods in their diet, whereas 44% did not. Abstinence from alcohol was reported by 39.5% of the participants as a strategy to mitigate symptoms. The study also found that 45.5% of participants recognized the importance of avoiding trigger foods, while 37.5% either disagreed or strongly disagreed with this practice.

Conclusion: The findings underscore the importance of personalized dietary management and education in the treatment of chronic gastritis. Implementing dietary strategies tailored to individual needs and educating patients about trigger foods are essential components of holistic care for gastritis patients. Future research should focus on the long-term impact of specific dietary interventions on symptom relief and quality of life in this patient population.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmed, I., Afreen, A., Ahmad, W., Abro, A. A., & Iftikhar, F. (2024). To Explore the Nutritional Status Assesstment of Patients Suffering from Chronic Gastritis. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 1355–1359.
Author Biographies

Iftikhar Ahmed, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad Pakistan.

M.Phil. Research Scholar, Department of Nutritional Sciences and Environmental Design, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.

Asma Afreen, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad Pakistan.

Lecturer, Department of Nutritional Sciences and Environmental Design. Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Waqar Ahmad, Federal Urdu University for Arts Science and Technology (FUUAST) Karachi Pakistan.

Asistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Federal Urdu University for Arts Science and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan.

Aftab Ahmed Abro, Federal Urdu University for Arts Science and Technology (FUUAST) Karachi Pakistan.

Research Scholar Master of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Sciences,

Federal Urdu University for Arts Science and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan.

Faiza Iftikhar, University of Karachi Pakistan.

M.Phil Research Scholar, Clinical Microbiologist & Department of Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Pakistan.


Annibale B, Esposito G, Lahner E. A current clinical overview of atrophic gastritis. Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology. 2020;14(2):93-102.

Botezatu A, Bodrug N. Chronic atrophic gastritis: an update on diagnosis. Medicine and Pharmacy Reports. 2021;94(1):7.

Grimes DA, Schulz KF. An overview of clinical research: the lay of the land. The lancet. 2002;359(9300):57-61.

Genta RM, Sonnenberg A. Characteristics of the gastric mucosa in patients with intestinal metaplasia. The American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2015;39(5):700-4.

Chitapanarux T, Jesadaporn P, Chitapanarux N, Lertprasertsuke N. Chronic gastritis according to age and Helicobacter pylori in Thailand: histopathological patterns. Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. 2021;56(3):228-33.

Gudej S, Filip R, Harasym J, Wilczak J, Dziendzikowska K, Oczkowski M, et al. Clinical outcomes after oat beta-glucans dietary treatment in gastritis patients. Nutrients. 2021;13(8):2791.

Fuhrman MP, Charney P, Mueller CM. Hepatic proteins and nutrition assessment. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2004;104(8):1258-64.

El-Omar E, Ng M, Hold G. Polymorphisms in Toll-like receptor genes and risk of cancer. Oncogene. 2008;27(2):244-52.

Holleczek B, Schöttker B, Brenner H. Helicobacter pylori infection, chronic atrophic gastritis and risk of stomach and esophagus cancer: Results from the prospective population‐based ESTHER cohort study. International journal of cancer. 2020;146(10):2773-83.

Koyuncu A, Simuyandi M, Bosomprah S, Chilengi R. Nutritional status, environmental enteric dysfunction, and prevalence of rotavirus diarrhoea among children in Zambia. PloS one. 2020;15(10):e0240258.

Smith JD, Zhu Y, Vanage V, Jain N, Holschuh N, Hermetet Agler A. Association between ready-to-eat cereal consumption and nutrient intake, nutritional adequacy, and diet quality among infants, toddlers, and children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015–2016. Nutrients. 2019;11(9):1989.

Jospe MR, Roy M, Brown RC, Haszard JJ, Meredith-Jones K, Fangupo LJ, et al. Intermittent fasting, Paleolithic, or Mediterranean diets in the real world: exploratory secondary analyses of a weight-loss trial that included choice of diet and exercise. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2020;111(3):503-14.

Shawn Green C, Bavelier D, Kramer AF, Vinogradov S, Ansorge U, Ball KK, et al. Improving methodological standards in behavioral interventions for cognitive enhancement. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement. 2019;3:2-29.

Shamsutdinov A, Abdullaeva U, Akhmedova NS. Determination of the level of pepsinogens in patients with chronic h. pylori associated gastritis. ACADEMICIA: An international multidisciplinary research journal. 2021;11(2):919-24.

Davis EC, Wang M, Donovan SM. The role of early life nutrition in the establishment of gastrointestinal microbial composition and function. Gut microbes. 2017;8(2):143-71.

Miftahussurur M, Waskito LA, Aftab H, Vilaichone R-k, Subsomwong P, Nusi IA, et al. Serum pepsinogens as a gastric cancer and gastritis biomarker in South and Southeast Asian populations. PloS one. 2020;15(4):e0230064.

Naimovna SG, Kurbanovna A, Shukurloevna NM, Jabborovna AI. Evaluation of the gastrointestinal mucosa by the OLGA system in chronic atrophic gastritis. Journal of Critical Reviews. 2020;7(2):409-13.

Rugge M, Sugano K, Sacchi D, Sbaraglia M, Malfertheiner P. Gastritis: An update in 2020. Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology. 2020;18:488-503.

Kusters JG, Van Vliet AH, Kuipers EJ. Pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori infection. Clinical microbiology reviews. 2006;19(3):449-90.

Stabler SP. Vitamin B12 deficiency. New England Journal of Medicine. 2013;368(2):149-60.

Votto M, De Filippo M, Olivero F, Raffaele A, Cereda E, De Amici M, et al. Malnutrition in eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders. Nutrients. 2020;13(1):128.

Livzan MA, Gaus OV, Mozgovoi SI, Bordin DS. Chronic autoimmune gastritis: modern diagnostic principles. Diagnostics. 2021;11(11):2113.

Miceli E, Brondino N, Lenti MV, Di Stefano M, Staiani M, Zugnoni F, et al. Impaired quality of life in patients with autoimmune atrophic gastritis. Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 2021;66:3322-9.

Most read articles by the same author(s)