Exploring Parental Perspectives: Unveiling the Significance of Sex Education for Children before Puberty in Pakistan

Main Article Content

Amna Shafique
Zoya Sajid
Kainaat Yousaf
Almas Irfan
Hamina Mushtaq


Background: The discourse on sex education remains a contentious issue, particularly within conservative societies such as Pakistan, where cultural and religious norms significantly influence educational content. The importance of sex education in safeguarding children's physical and psychological well-being is increasingly recognized, amidst growing concerns over inadequate knowledge and the proliferation of misleading information through the internet.

Objective: This study aimed to explore parental perspectives on sex education for children before puberty in Pakistan, assessing their views on its necessity, appropriate timing, delivery methods, and the influence of cultural and religious beliefs on sex education.

Methods: Employing a qualitative research design, the study utilized thematic analysis as proposed by Braun and Clarke (2006) to examine the viewpoints of ten parents (3 fathers and 7 mothers) of children aged 7 to 11 years. Data were collected through online interviews using a purposive sampling strategy. The thematic analysis followed Braun and Clarke's (2020) five-phase guide to identify patterns and themes within the data.

Results: The analysis revealed that parents view sex education as a crucial part of their children's development, emphasizing the need for it to be introduced at an appropriate age and through accurate and respectful content. Religious beliefs were found to support, rather than contradict, the provision of sex education, with Islam permitting discussions on sexuality in an educational context. Gender-specific roles in delivering sex education were highlighted, with a preference for mothers to educate daughters and fathers to educate sons. Despite recognizing its importance, parents expressed concerns about the potential for sex education to distract from academic studies and the challenges of ensuring the accuracy of the information provided.

Conclusion: The study underscores a complex balance between acknowledging the importance of sex education and addressing its implementation amidst cultural and religious sensitivities. It highlights the need for collaborative efforts among parents, educators, and health professionals to develop effective sex education programs that are culturally and religiously appropriate, aiming to empower children with knowledge and protective strategies against misinformation and abuse.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shafique, A., Sajid, Z., Yousaf, K., Irfan, A., Mushtaq, H., & Hamna. (2024). Exploring Parental Perspectives: Unveiling the Significance of Sex Education for Children before Puberty in Pakistan. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 483–489. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i1.426
Author Biographies

Amna Shafique, Comsats University Islamabad Pakistan.

Visiting Lecturer, Department of Humanities.

Zoya Sajid, Rashid Latif Khan University Lahore Pakistan.


Kainaat Yousaf, University of Management and Technology Lahore Pakistan.

Lecturer, Department of Applied Psychology, School of Professional Psychology.

Almas Irfan, Punjab Prisons Department Lahore Pakistan.


Hamina Mushtaq, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Bahawalpur Pakistan.

Bs, Department of Applied Psychology.

Hamna, University of the Punjab Lahore Pakistan.

MPhil, Institute of Applied Psychology.


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