Role of Pathology and Point of Care Testing in the Estimation of Fasting Blood Glucose Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Main Article Content

Zainab Yousaf
Sania Ahmed
Muhammad Raza
Shamaila Rashid
Saba Qasim
Muhammad Touqeer Hanif


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a global health concern with significant morbidity and mortality. Effective management of type 2 DM necessitates accurate monitoring of fasting blood glucose levels. Traditional laboratory methods, while accurate, are not always convenient for patients, leading to a growing interest in reliable point-of-care testing.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of fasting blood glucose measurements between point-of-care testing using a glucometer and traditional laboratory methods (hexokinase and end-point) to determine the feasibility of home-based patient monitoring.

Methods: This comparative cross-sectional study included 150 type 2 DM patients from Farooq Hospital Westwood, Lahore. Participants underwent fasting blood glucose testing using three methods: the hexokinase method, the end-point method, and a glucometer (Accu-check instant S Meter). The Pearson correlation was employed to assess the linear relationship between the methods, while multivariate ANOVA was used to compare the means.

Results: The Pearson correlation coefficients indicated a strong positive correlation between the glucometer readings and both laboratory methods, with coefficients of 0.994 for hexokinase and 0.997 for the end-point method. The average fasting blood glucose levels measured were 128.43 mg/dL (±61.257) for hexokinase, 128.59 mg/dL (±61.110) for the end-point method, and slightly lower at 123.59 mg/dL (±58.920) for the glucometer.

Conclusion: The study concluded that glucometer readings are highly correlated with traditional laboratory methods, indicating that point-of-care testing can be a reliable alternative for patients to monitor fasting blood glucose levels at home.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yousaf, Z., Ahmed, S., Raza, M., Rashid, S., Qasim, S., & Hanif, M. T. (2024). Role of Pathology and Point of Care Testing in the Estimation of Fasting Blood Glucose Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 711–715.
Author Biographies

Zainab Yousaf, Farooq Hospital West Wood Branch Lahore Pakistan.

Lab Manager.

Sania Ahmed, Farooq Hospital West Wood Branch Lahore Pakistan.

Medical Technologist, Department of Pathology.

Muhammad Raza, Minhaj University Lahore Pakistan.

Lecturer, MLT department.

Shamaila Rashid, Farooq Hospital West Wood Branch Lahore Pakistan.

Medical Technologist, Department of Pathology.

Saba Qasim, University of Management & Technology Lahore Pakistan.

Assistant Professor.

Muhammad Touqeer Hanif, Akhtar Saeed College of Rehabilitation Sciences Lahore Pakistan.

Senior Lecturer, College of Allied Health Sciences.


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