Comparison of Hand Grip Strength in Hypertensive and Non-Hypertensive Middle-Aged People

Main Article Content

Muhammad Kamran Shahid
Muhammad Usama Sohail
Aneela Amjad
Ghazal Azhar
Ali Raza
Laiba Khokhar


Background: Hypertension is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, affecting millions globally. Previous studies have suggested an inverse relationship between hand grip strength (HGS) and hypertension, indicating the potential of HGS as a non-invasive marker for cardiovascular health. However, research exploring this relationship within the middle-aged population of Pakistan remains limited.

Objective: This study aims to compare hand grip strength between hypertensive and non-hypertensive middle-aged individuals and to assess the potential of HGS as a predictive marker for hypertension.

Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted over six months, from August 2022 to February 2023, involving 220 participants (110 hypertensive and 110 non-hypertensive), aged 35-45 years, at PSRD and Jinnah Hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan. Hand grip strength was measured using a CAMRY digital dynamometer, and blood pressure was assessed with a Certeza sphygmomanometer. Participants were excluded if they had wrist joint problems, neurological disorders, a history of frozen shoulders, limb fractures, cognitive impairments, diabetes, or were pregnant. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25, employing independent sample t-tests with a significance level set at p<0.05.

Results: The mean age of participants was 39.81±3.16 years. Hypertensive individuals showed significantly lower hand grip strength compared to non-hypertensive individuals, with mean dominant HGS at 34.10±8.75 kg for hypertensives and 39.40±7.37 kg for non-hypertensives. Non-dominant HGS followed a similar pattern, with hypertensives at 31.87±8.75 kg and non-hypertensives at 36.97±7.57 kg. Additionally, a higher proportion of males was observed in the hypertensive group compared to the non-hypertensive group.

Conclusion: The study found a significant association between lower hand grip strength and hypertension among middle-aged individuals, supporting the potential of HGS as a screening tool for hypertension risk. This finding underscores the importance of incorporating hand grip strength assessment into routine health evaluations to identify individuals at higher risk of hypertension.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shahid, M. K., Sohail, M. U., Amjad, A., Azhar, G., Raza, A., & Khokhar , L. (2024). Comparison of Hand Grip Strength in Hypertensive and Non-Hypertensive Middle-Aged People. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 677–681.
Author Biographies

Muhammad Kamran Shahid, PSRD Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

House Officer.

Muhammad Usama Sohail, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science Pakistan.

Senior Lecturer.

Aneela Amjad, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science Pakistan.

Lecturer, Physiology and Researches.

Ghazal Azhar, University of Child Health Sciences Lahore Pakistan.

Physiotherapist, Institute of Children's Hospital.

Ali Raza, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science Pakistan.


Laiba Khokhar , PSRD Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

House Officer.


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