The The Frequency of Death Associated with Burn Injury in General Population of Peshawar City

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Hamad Ali
Farhad Ali
Falak Niaz
Sami Ullah
Tahir Khan
Muhammad Rizwan


Background: Burn injuries represent a significant public health issue worldwide, with a notably higher incidence and mortality rate in low and middle-income countries. These injuries are characterized by their devastating physical, psychological, and economic impacts on victims and their families. In Peshawar city, the lack of comprehensive data on burn-related deaths has hindered effective prevention and management strategies.

Objective: This study aims to provide a demographic profile of burn-related deaths in Peshawar city, focusing on the factors influencing these fatalities and the manner of death, to inform better clinical practices and preventive measures.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in the burn and trauma unit of Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, from May 1, 2021, to May 1, 2022. Data on 80 cases of death due to burns were collected and analyzed, categorizing by age, sex, cause of injury, nature and extent of burns, total body surface area (TBSA) affected, toxicological findings, location of the incident, duration of survival post-injury, and mechanism of death. The study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki principles, with ethical approval obtained from the institutional review board.

Results: The study found that out of 80 burn-related deaths, 70% (56 cases) were females and 30% (24 cases) were males. The highest number of fatalities was observed in individuals under 12 years, comprising 28.75% of the cases. Accidental burns were the leading cause of death, with more than 60% of incidents falling into this category. The average TBSA affected in fatal cases was significant, emphasizing the severity of injuries leading to mortality.

Conclusion: Burn-related fatalities in Peshawar city predominantly affect females and young children, with accidental burns being the most common cause. This underscores the necessity for targeted preventive strategies, public awareness campaigns, and improvements in burn care facilities to address the high incidence and mortality rates of burn injuries in the region.

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How to Cite
Ali, H., Ali, F., Niaz, F., Ullah, S., Khan, T., Atiq, & Rizwan, M. (2024). The The Frequency of Death Associated with Burn Injury in General Population of Peshawar City. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 808–813.
Author Biographies

Hamad Ali, University of Swat KP Pakistan.

Center for Biotechnology & Microbiology.

Farhad Ali, Gandhara University Peshawar KP Pakistan.

Department of Allied Health Sciences.

Falak Niaz, Riphah International University Malakand Campus KP Pakistan.

Faculty of Rehabilitation and Allied Health Sciences.

Sami Ullah, Saidu Teaching Hospital Swat KP Pakistan.

Department of Pathology.

Tahir Khan, Saidu Teaching Hospital Swat KP Pakistan.

Department of Pathology.

Atiq, Saidu Teaching Hospital Swat KP Pakistan.

Department of Pathology.

Muhammad Rizwan, University of Swat KP Pakistan.

Center for Biotechnology & Microbiology.


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