Embracing Inclusion: Private School Teachers' Perspective

Main Article Content

Maria Gohar
Aqsa Akmal
javeria javed
Sajid Ullah
Nazish A Qadir
Subhan Ur Rehman Burki


Background: The concept of inclusive education, which integrates students with and without special needs, is pivotal for fostering equitable learning opportunities. Teacher attitudes are a significant determinant of the success of inclusive education policies.

Objective: To ascertain the perspectives of private school teachers in Peshawar regarding the inclusion of children with disabilities in mainstream educational settings.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out over six months at seven private schools in Hayatabad, Peshawar, following IRB and ethical approval from KMU. The sample of 200 teachers was determined using a confidence level of 95% and a margin of error of 5%. Data were collected using the Attitudes Towards Mainstreaming Scale and analyzed using SPSS Version 25 to provide descriptive statistics, including frequencies and mean±SD values.

Results: Teachers generally regarded inclusive education as a favorable practice (mean 2.03±0.89), with a significant number expressing strong agreement to the inclusion of learners in regular classrooms. The acceptance varied based on the type of disability, with physical disabilities (mean 2.40±1.12 for wheelchair-bound learners) receiving more agreement than behavioral issues (mean 2.36±0.95 for learners who stutter).

Conclusion: Most private school teachers in Peshawar exhibit a supportive stance towards inclusive education. This positive attitude is crucial for fostering an inclusive environment that benefits all students.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gohar, M., Akmal , A., javed, javeria, Ullah, S., Qadir, N. A., & Burki, S. U. R. (2024). Embracing Inclusion: Private School Teachers’ Perspective. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 1006–1011. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i1.494
Author Biographies

Maria Gohar, Paraplegic Centre Peshawar Pakistan.

Occupational Therapist.

Aqsa Akmal , Bridges Autism Centre Peshawar Pakistan.

Occupational Therapist.

javeria javed, Paraplegic Centre Peshawar Pakistan.

Occupational Therapist.

Sajid Ullah, Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan.

Occupational Therapist.

Nazish A Qadir, Khyber Medical University Peshawar Pakistan.

BSc OT, T-BSOT, MHPE, Coordinator OT Program, IPM&R, Khyber Medical University Peshawar Pakistan.

Subhan Ur Rehman Burki, Northwest Institute of Health Sciences Peshawar Pakistan.

BSPT, PPDPT, MSPT, CHPE, CHR, Principal and Assistant Professor.


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