Nurses Knowledge regarding Blood transfusion in Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar

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Fazli Subhan
Hassan Karim
Iqbal Hussain
Nagina Azam
Sadia Mujeeb
Majid Rehman
Bakht Muner


Background: Blood transfusion is a critical and life-saving procedure in medical practice, necessitating high levels of knowledge and competency among healthcare providers, particularly nurses, to ensure patient safety and minimize risks associated with transfusion. Despite its importance, gaps in knowledge and training among nursing professionals can significantly impact the quality of care and patient outcomes.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of nurses regarding blood transfusion practices at a tertiary care hospital in Peshawar and to identify educational gaps that could be addressed to improve the safety and efficacy of transfusion services.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among Registered Nurses working at Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. A total of 206 nurses were recruited using convenience sampling. The blood transfusion knowledge questionnaire, adapted from previous studies with modifications to include demographic questions and specific queries related to blood transfusion, was used for data collection. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25, focusing on calculating means, standard deviations, frequencies, and percentages.

Results: The study found that 63.60% of the participants were female, and the majority (52.4%) were aged between 31 to 40 years. Regarding blood transfusion practices, 89.3% correctly identified the use of a blood transport box for transporting blood from the blood bank to the ward. Furthermore, 90.77% acknowledged checking the details on the bag label and blood request form as the first step in collecting a blood bag. However, the study highlighted a moderate level of overall knowledge about blood transfusion among nurses, with significant gaps in training and education noted.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that while nurses at the tertiary care hospital in Peshawar have a reasonable understanding of some aspects of blood transfusion practices, there is a clear need for enhanced training programs and the inclusion of comprehensive transfusion medicine education in nursing curricula. Addressing these gaps is essential for improving patient safety and the overall quality of care in transfusion services.

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How to Cite
Subhan, F., Karim, H., Hussain, I., Azam, N., Mujeeb, S., Rehman, M., & Muner, B. (2024). Nurses Knowledge regarding Blood transfusion in Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 1108–1113.


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