Unveiling the Impact of Nandrolone Decanoate on Kidney and Heart of Rattus Norvegicus

Main Article Content

Afshan Syed Abbas
Muhammad Naseem Akram
Waqar Un Nisa
Muhammad Farhan Liaqat
Muhammad Abdullah Tariq
Muhammad Abu Bakar
Aamir Sattar


Background: The use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) like Nandrolone Decanoate (ND) for enhancing physical performance and muscle growth is prevalent among athletes and non-athletes. However, the adverse effects of AAS on organ systems, particularly the kidney and heart, have been a growing concern within the medical and scientific community. Previous studies have highlighted the potential nephrotoxic and cardiotoxic effects of these substances, necessitating further research to elucidate the extent of organ damage.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the histopathological effects of ND on the kidney and heart tissues of Rattus norvegicus and to draw comparisons with control groups to assess the severity of organ damage.

Methods: A total of 15 Rattus norvegicus were divided into three groups: a control group, an olive oil group (positive control), and a steroid group (ND treated). The animals were housed under controlled conditions with a 12-hour light/dark cycle at 23±2°C. The steroid and olive oil groups received 50mg/ml intramuscular injections of ND and olive oil, respectively, twice weekly for six weeks. Following treatment, the animals were euthanized, and their kidney and heart tissues were extracted for histological examination. Tissues were fixed in 10% formalin, processed, and stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) for microscopic evaluation.

Results: Histological analysis revealed significant alterations in the ND-treated group compared to controls. Kidney tissues from the ND group exhibited tubular dilation, epithelial degeneration, and necrosis with a noticeable increase in Bowman's space and vascular congestion. Quantitatively, tubular atrophy and degeneration were observed in 80% of the ND-treated animals, compared to none in the control and olive oil groups. Heart tissues in the ND group showed evidence of myocardial fibrosis and necrosis, with myocardial fibrosis observed in 70% of the steroid-treated animals, significantly higher than the control groups.

Conclusion: The administration of Nandrolone Decanoate in Rattus norvegicus significantly impacts kidney and heart histology, underscoring the potential health risks associated with AAS use. These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence on the nephrotoxic and cardiotoxic effects of steroids, emphasizing the need for caution and further research in human healthcare to develop safer therapeutic alternatives.

Article Details

How to Cite
Abbas, A. S., Akram, M. N., Nisa, W. U., Liaqat, M. F., Tariq, M. A., Bakar, M. A., & Sattar, A. (2024). Unveiling the Impact of Nandrolone Decanoate on Kidney and Heart of Rattus Norvegicus. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 1079–1083. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i1.533
Author Biographies

Afshan Syed Abbas, University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Muhammad Naseem Akram, University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Waqar Un Nisa, University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Muhammad Farhan Liaqat, University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Muhammad Abdullah Tariq, University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Muhammad Abu Bakar, University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Aamir Sattar, University of Sialkot Sialkot Pakistan.

University of Sialkot Sialkot Pakistan.


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