Perceived Social Stigma, Family Support and Mental Health Issues in Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS

Main Article Content

Moazzam Shehzad
Muhammad Luqman Khan
Sikander Ali Khan


Background: In Pakistan, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is compounded by significant socio-economic challenges and a pervasive stigma that undermines effective treatment and prevention strategies. The psychological impacts of HIV/AIDS, such as anxiety, depression, and stress, further complicate disease management, affecting patients' willingness to adhere to treatment and disclose their status.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of mental health issues among individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Pakistan and explore the relationships between perceived social stigma, family support, and mental health outcomes.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 150 diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients from Nankana Sahib and Faisalabad districts. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Data were collected through validated Urdu versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS), a discrimination scale, and a family support scale. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25, focusing on descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and linear regression models.

Results: The results indicated that the mean scores for depression, anxiety, and stress were significantly high at 66.6980 ± 17.56598. A strong positive correlation was observed between perceived discrimination (DISC) and DASS scores (r = 0.890, p < 0.01), while perceived family support (PFS) was negatively correlated with DISC scores (r = -0.166, p = 0.043). Regression analysis showed that increased family support significantly mitigated mental health issues, reducing the mean stress, anxiety, and depression scores among participants.

Conclusion: The study highlights the critical role of family support in reducing mental health issues among HIV/AIDS patients in Pakistan. Enhancing family involvement and reducing social stigma could improve treatment adherence and overall health outcomes.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shehzad, M., Khan, M. L., & Khan, S. A. (2024). Perceived Social Stigma, Family Support and Mental Health Issues in Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 116–121.
Author Biographies

Moazzam Shehzad, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus- Pakistan.

MPhil Scholar Clinical Psychology, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus- Pakistan.

Muhammad Luqman Khan, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus- Pakistan.

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus- Pakistan.

Sikander Ali Khan, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus- Pakistan.

MPhil Scholar Clinical Psychology, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus- Pakistan.


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