Knowledge and Practice Regarding Breast Self-Examination (BSE) among Nursing Students Working in A Tertiary Care Hospital Lahore, Pakistan: An Observational Descriptive Cross Sectional Study

Main Article Content

Surrya Shahid
Shahid Anjum
Gulshan Umbreen
Chanda Jabeen


Background: Breast self-examination (BSE) is a simple, quick, and cost-free method crucial for the early detection of breast cancer, which significantly reduces morbidity and mortality. Health Sciences students, particularly those in nursing, are ideally positioned to serve as role models and educators on this practice.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BSE among nursing students at a tertiary care hospital in Lahore, with a view to identifying gaps that could be addressed through targeted educational programs.

Methods: This observational descriptive cross-sectional study engaged nursing students from various academic levels at a tertiary care hospital in Lahore. Participants were selected through convenience sampling. Adherence to the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement was ensured. Data were collected via a self-administered structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS software version 26, focusing on frequencies and percentages of categorical variables.

Results: Of the participants, 63.76% demonstrated a high level of knowledge about BSE, scoring ≥75%. In contrast, 36.23% scored below 75%, indicating a low level of knowledge. Practice of BSE was limited, with only 47% (n=65) of the participants engaging in the practice, and the majority, 53% (n=73), not practicing at all.

Conclusion: Although nursing students show a good understanding of BSE, a significant gap exists between their knowledge and actual practice. This discrepancy highlights the need for enhanced educational interventions to encourage regular BSE practice, which is essential for the effectiveness of breast cancer screening and early detection efforts.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shahid, S., Anjum, S., Umbreen, G., & Jabeen, C. (2024). Knowledge and Practice Regarding Breast Self-Examination (BSE) among Nursing Students Working in A Tertiary Care Hospital Lahore, Pakistan: An Observational Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 388–393.
Author Biographies

Surrya Shahid, Sharif City College of Nursing

Assistant Professor, MPH, Post RN, RN, RM, Sharif City College of Nursing, 

Shahid Anjum, Shalamar Hospital Lahore

Senior Nurse Manager, Registered Nurse, RN, Specialization ICU-CCU. Shalamar Hospital Lahore

Gulshan Umbreen, Gulfreen Nursing College Lahore.

PhD Scholar Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. MPhil, Post RN, RM. Senior Nursing Lecturer, Gulfreen Nursing College Lahore.

Chanda Jabeen, Bahria College of Nursing.

Assistant Professor, PhD Scholar Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. MPhil, RN, RM. Bahria College of Nursing.


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