Evaluation of Knowledge among Nurses about Pressure Ulcer in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Lahore

Main Article Content

Mehk Un Nisa
Nasim Rafiq
Amjad Ali
Zainab Rizwan
Farwa Ilyas
Narjis Fatima


Background: Pressure ulcers are a prevalent issue in healthcare settings, leading to significant morbidity and increased healthcare costs. Nurses play a crucial role in the prevention and management of these conditions, yet gaps in knowledge can affect patient outcomes. The study aimed to assess the knowledge of nurses at a tertiary care hospital in Lahore, Pakistan, a setting where pressure ulcer management is critical yet understudied.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the current level of knowledge among nurses regarding pressure ulcer prevention and management, and to identify any significant differences in knowledge across various critical care settings within the hospital.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Shalamar Hospital, Lahore, involving 125 staff nurses and nursing interns selected via simple random sampling. Participants were required to have at least six months of experience in general wards. Data were collected using a validated questionnaire, assessing knowledge of pressure ulcer management. Ethical approval was obtained from the Shalamar College of Nursing's ethical committee. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 25 and Microsoft Excel, applying descriptive and inferential statistics, including the Chi-square test, with a significance level set at p<0.05.

Results: The study revealed that 68.8% (86/125) of nurses had average knowledge, 29.6% (37/125) demonstrated good knowledge, and only 1.6% (2/125) exhibited poor knowledge regarding pressure ulcer management. Notably, nurses in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) and High Dependency Unit (HDU) displayed the highest levels of knowledge, whereas those in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU), Cardiac Care Unit (CCU), and Emergency Room (ER) had comparatively lower knowledge levels.

Conclusion: The majority of nurses at Shalamar Hospital possessed an average level of knowledge concerning pressure ulcer management. There is a critical need for targeted educational interventions to enhance knowledge and practices, particularly in units where nurses showed lower knowledge levels. Improving nurse education in pressure ulcer management could significantly impact the quality of patient care and reduce the prevalence of these injuries.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nisa, M. U., Rafiq, N., Ali, A., Rizwan, Z., Ilyas, F., & Fatima, N. (2024). Evaluation of Knowledge among Nurses about Pressure Ulcer in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Lahore. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 543–547. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.853
Author Biographies

Mehk Un Nisa, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

BSN Student, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore, Pakistan.

Nasim Rafiq, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

Principal, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore, Pakistan.

Amjad Ali, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

Assistant Professor, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore, Pakistan.

Zainab Rizwan, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

BSN Student, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore, Pakistan.

Farwa Ilyas, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

BSN Student, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

Narjis Fatima, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore Pakistan.

BSN Student, Shalamar Nursing College Lahore, Pakistan.


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