Quantifying Heavy Metal Accumulation in Soil and Vegetation Surrounding Industrial Areas: A Comprehensive Environmental Toxicology Study

Main Article Content

Abbas Raza
Samiyah Tasleem
Nabi Ullah
Muhammad Dilshad
Amjad Ali Maitlo


Background: Industrial activities release significant amounts of heavy metals into the environment, contaminating soil and vegetation. This pollution poses severe risks to ecosystems and human health, making it a crucial area of study.

Objective: To quantify the accumulation of heavy metals in soil and vegetation surrounding industrial areas and assess the ecological risks associated with this contamination.

Methods: The study involved quantitative analysis of soil and plant samples from industrial and control areas. Heavy metals analyzed included lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, chromium, and nickel. Methods included atomic absorption spectroscopy for metal quantification, bioaccumulation factor (BAF) calculation for plants, and ecological risk assessment using the ecological risk index (ERI).

Results: Soil samples from industrial zones showed significantly higher concentrations of lead (175 mg/kg), cadmium (8 mg/kg), and chromium (90 mg/kg) compared to control areas (lead: 30 mg/kg, cadmium: 2 mg/kg, chromium: 20 mg/kg). Plant tissues from these areas also revealed elevated levels of lead (12 mg/kg), cadmium (2 mg/kg), and nickel (8 mg/kg), against lower concentrations in control samples (lead: 3 mg/kg, cadmium: 0.5 mg/kg, nickel: 2 mg/kg). The ecological risk index underscored a high risk in industrial zones (ERI = 85) compared to control areas (ERI = 30).

Conclusion: The study highlights the critical contamination of soil and vegetation with heavy metals near industrial zones and the consequent ecological risks. These findings emphasize the need for immediate remediation strategies and stricter regulatory frameworks to mitigate the impacts of this pollution.

Article Details

How to Cite
Raza, A., Tasleem, S., Ullah, N., Dilshad , M., & Maitlo, A. A. (2024). Quantifying Heavy Metal Accumulation in Soil and Vegetation Surrounding Industrial Areas: A Comprehensive Environmental Toxicology Study. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 408–413. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.864
Author Biographies

Abbas Raza, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan Pakistan.

Department of Soil Science faculity of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Samiyah Tasleem, Hamdard University Karachi Pakistan.

Department of Applied Science and Hafiz Dr Muhammad Ilyas Institute of Pharmacology and Herbal Science, Hamdard University Karachi, Pakistan.

Nabi Ullah, Tianjin University Tianjin China.

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University Tianjin, China

Muhammad Dilshad , University of Punjab Lahore Pakistan.

School of Chemistry, University of Punjab Lahore, Pakistan.

Amjad Ali Maitlo, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Mirs Pakistan.

Department of Geography, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Mirs, Pakistan.


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