Frequency of Different Causes of Upper GI Bleed Using Endoscopic Procedure

Main Article Content

Salman Ali Attari
Chandar Kumar
Sahar Sultana
Adil Hassan
Muhammad Faizan Ali
Muhammad Sadik Memon

Abstract

Background: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a significant clinical emergency that necessitates swift and precise diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Due to its diverse etiologies, ranging from peptic ulcers to variceal bleeding, understanding these causes is crucial for effective management.


Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of various causes of upper GI bleeding through endoscopic examination.


Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Gastroenterology, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Hyderabad, involving 150 hemodynamically stable patients who had fasted for 6 to 8 hours. A comprehensive physical examination and detailed medical history preceded the endoscopic procedures. Data were captured on a structured proforma and analyzed using SPSS software, version 26.0.


Results: The cohort's mean age was 50.35 years (range 18-85 years), with a male predominance of 72%. Variceal bleeding was the most common finding (64.7%), followed by peptic ulcers (24%), Mallory-Weiss tears (12.7%), vascular anomalies (13.3%), gastric ulcers (7.3%), duodenal ulcers (6%), erosive gastritis (3.3%), and esophagitis (2.7%).


Conclusion: Upper GI bleeding predominantly affects older adult males, with variceal bleeding accounting for about two-thirds of cases. The diversity of underlying causes highlights the need for accurate diagnostics and tailored treatments for high-risk groups.

Article Details

How to Cite
Attari, S. A., Chandar Kumar, Sahar Sultana, Adil Hassan, Muhammad Faizan Ali, & Muhammad Sadik Memon. (2024). Frequency of Different Causes of Upper GI Bleed Using Endoscopic Procedure. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 800–804. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.888
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Sahar Sultana, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS)

Asian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS)

Muhammad Faizan Ali, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC)

Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC)

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