Electrical Activity of Heart During ECG For EMF And Non– EMF Trails.

Main Article Content

Haneef Ubed
Farman Ali Mangi
Zubeda Bhatti
Zahoor Ahmed


Background: The ubiquitous use of mobile phones has raised concerns about potential health impacts, particularly regarding the effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on the human brain and heart. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a critical measure of heart health, influenced by brain function and susceptible to disruption by mobile phone radiation.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the influence of mobile phone EMF on HRV, utilizing higher-order spectral analysis of ECG data to determine the functional relationship between the heart and brain under EMF exposure.

Methods: Twenty healthy subjects from the University of Sindh, Jamshoro, participated in this experiment. The subjects, with an average age of 27 years, underwent ECG and EEG recording under varying conditions of EMF exposure. Each session involved comparisons of EMF effects over different durations and positions relative to the heart.

Results: Statistically significant differences were observed in bicoherence values for chest positions V1 and V2, with non-EMF trials showing higher values compared to EMF trials. Coherence between ECG and EEG indicated significant changes in the 16-30 Hz frequency band during EMF exposure. Extended exposure of 40 minutes correlated with notable variations in HRV.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that mobile phone EMF can significantly affect HRV parameters, particularly with prolonged exposure and when the EMF source is close to the heart. These results underscore the importance of developing guidelines for safe mobile phone usage.

Article Details

How to Cite
Haneef Ubed, Farman Ali Mangi, Zubeda Bhatti, Assadullah, & Zahoor Ahmed. (2024). Electrical Activity of Heart During ECG For EMF And Non– EMF Trails. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 790–794. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.944
Author Biographies

Haneef Ubed, University of Sindh - Jamshoro - Sindh - Pakistan

Lecturer - Govt. Boys Degree Science College Gambat - Scholar - Institute of Physics - University of Sindh - Jamshoro - Sindh - Pakistan

Farman Ali Mangi, Shah Abdul Latif University - Khairpur - Sindh - 6602 - Pakistan

Professor - Department of Physics & Electronics - Shah Abdul Latif University - Khairpur - Sindh - 6602 - Pakistan

Zubeda Bhatti, Shah Abdul Latif University - Khairpur - Sindh - Pakistan

Professor - Department of Physics & Electronics - Shah Abdul Latif University - Khairpur - Sindh - Pakistan

Assadullah, Civil Veterinary Hospital - Gumbat - Kohat - KPK - Pakistan

Veterinary Officer - Civil Veterinary Hospital - Gumbat - Kohat - KPK - Pakistan

Zahoor Ahmed, Khyber Medical College - Peshawar - KPK - Pakistan

Professor - Department of Biochemistry - Khyber Medical College - Peshawar - KPK - Pakistan


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