Association Between Thyroid Dysfunction Among Pregnant Women with Bad Obstetric History A Comprehensive Study

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Sadaf Zahra
Saba Qayyum
Moiz Arshad Chohan
Atif Amin
Muhammad Essa
Maira Mansoor
Bakhtawar Aslam
Uswah Shoaib
Behram Khan Ghazi
Yousuf Rehman Buzdar
Muhammad Arsalan Iftikhar
Hafiz Muhammad Usman Abid
Umair Khurshid

Abstract

Background: Thyroid dysfunction is increasingly prevalent globally, particularly in developing countries where dietary and hygiene practices during pregnancy contribute to its incidence. This condition significantly affects maternal and fetal health, necessitating closer examination, especially in populations with adverse obstetric histories.


Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among pregnant women with a history of adverse obstetric outcomes and to underscore the necessity for targeted screening and management strategies.


Methods: A cross-sectional study involved 260 pregnant women aged 18 to 40 with a history of poor obstetric outcomes. Participants were selected through non-probability consecutive sampling. After obtaining informed consent, demographic data were collected, and thyroid function was assessed by measuring TSH, T3, and T4 levels in a hospital laboratory. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.0, utilizing means and standard deviations for quantitative data and frequencies and percentages for qualitative data.


Results: The average age of participants was 30.31 ± 3.11 years. Mean thyroid hormone levels were recorded at T4: 1.84 ± 1.12 and TSH: 4.32 ± 0.91. Thyroid dysfunction was identified in 45.4% of the women, with 65.2% having subclinical hypothyroidism and 34.7% exhibiting subclinical hyperthyroidism among those diagnosed.


Conclusion: The study highlights a significant prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in pregnant women with poor obstetric histories, indicating a critical need for comprehensive screening and tailored management to improve maternal and fetal health outcomes.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sadaf Zahra, Saba Qayyum, Moiz Arshad Chohan, Atif Amin, Muhammad Essa, Maira Mansoor, Bakhtawar Aslam, Uswah Shoaib, Behram Khan Ghazi, Yousuf Rehman Buzdar, Muhammad Arsalan Iftikhar, Hafiz Muhammad Usman Abid, & Umair Khurshid. (2024). Association Between Thyroid Dysfunction Among Pregnant Women with Bad Obstetric History A Comprehensive Study. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1381–1385. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.1092
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Articles
Author Biographies

Sadaf Zahra, King Edward Medical University Lahore Pakistan

King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan

Saba Qayyum, Ganga Ram Hospital- Lahore- Pakistan

Ganga Ram Hospital- Lahore- Pakistan

Moiz Arshad Chohan, Amna Inayat Medical College

Amna Inayat Medical College / Kishwar Fazal Teaching Hospital- Lahore- Sheikhupura- Punjab- Pakistan

Atif Amin, Basic Health Unit- Chichawatni- Sahiwal- Pakistan

Basic Health Unit- Chichawatni- Sahiwal- Pakistan

Muhammad Essa, King Edward Medical University- Lahore- Pakistan

King Edward Medical University- Lahore- Pakistan

Maira Mansoor, Combined Military Hospital (CMH)- Lahore- Punjab- Pakistan

Combined Military Hospital (CMH)- Lahore- Punjab- Pakistan

Bakhtawar Aslam, King Edward Medical University- Lahore- Pakistan

King Edward Medical University- Lahore- Pakistan

Uswah Shoaib, Combined Military Hospital (CMH)- Lahore- Punjab- Pakistan

Combined Military Hospital (CMH)- Lahore- Punjab- Pakistan

Behram Khan Ghazi, Punjab Medical College- Faisalabad- Pakistan

Punjab Medical College- Faisalabad- Pakistan

Yousuf Rehman Buzdar, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Pakistan

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry- Faculty of Pharmacy- The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Pakistan

Muhammad Arsalan Iftikhar, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Pakistan

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry- Faculty of Pharmacy- The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Pakistan

Hafiz Muhammad Usman Abid, Bahauddin Zakariya University- Multan- Pakistan

Department of Pharmaceutics- Faculty of Pharmacy- Bahauddin Zakariya University- Multan- Pakistan

Umair Khurshid, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Pakistan

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry- Faculty of Pharmacy- The Islamia University of Bahawalpur- Pakistan

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