Quantitative Analysis and Outcomes of Road Traffic Accidents at Gujranwala Teaching Hospital's Trauma Center

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Asif Yousaf
Qudous Ul Hassan
Hafiz Muhammad Irfan
Naeem Hussain
Sultan Faisal Ijaz
Syed Asif Ali Shah
Tayyab Shoaib
Mohammad Nauman Shahid
Syed Ahtisham Anjam Gilani


Background: Trauma, particularly arising from road traffic accidents (RTAs), is a significant public health issue worldwide, with a notably high incidence in Pakistan. The vulnerability to traumatic injuries is exacerbated by socio-economic, environmental, and infrastructural factors. Young males are disproportionately affected, reflecting societal roles and risk behaviors. The efficiency of trauma care, influenced by the location and resources of trauma centers, plays a crucial role in patient outcomes.

Objective: This study aims to assess the patterns, causes, and outcomes of trauma cases treated at the Gujranwala Teaching Hospital (GTH) trauma center, with a focus on identifying demographic trends, predominant injury mechanisms, and the effectiveness of trauma care facilities.

Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2021 to February 2022 at the GTH trauma center. Ethical approval was obtained from the Department of Emergency Medicine Ethics Committee at GMC Teaching Hospital. Data were collected using a WHO-guided pre-tested form, documenting sociodemographic profiles, clinical profiles, injury mechanisms, and outcomes. The study involved 813 trauma patients, with data analysis performed using SPSS version 25. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze patient demographics, injury patterns, and outcomes.

Results: The study comprised 813 patients, predominantly male (75.3%). The median age was 33 years, ranging from 1.5 to 85 years. RTAs were the most common injury mechanism (78.6%), primarily affecting passengers (70.9%) and pedestrians (29.1%). Head injuries were the most frequent anatomical site of injury (45.75%). The triage categories showed 73.76% of patients in the 'Yellow' category. The overall mortality prevalence was 3.6%.

Conclusion: The study highlights the high prevalence of RTAs as a cause of trauma, particularly among young males. The findings underscore the need for improved trauma care facilities, stricter enforcement of traffic safety laws, and public awareness campaigns on road safety. Establishing well-equipped trauma centers near highways and enhancing prehospital care could significantly reduce trauma-related fatalities.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yousaf, A., Hassan , Q. U., Irfan, H. M., Hussain , N., Ijaz , S. F., Shah, S. A. A., Shoaib, T., Shahid, M. N., & Gilani , S. A. A. (2024). Quantitative Analysis and Outcomes of Road Traffic Accidents at Gujranwala Teaching Hospital’s Trauma Center. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 180–184. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i1.354
Author Biographies

Asif Yousaf, Gujranwala Teaching Hospital Gujranwala

Post Graduate Resident.

Qudous Ul Hassan , DHQ Gujranwala

Post Graduate Resident.

Hafiz Muhammad Irfan, Gujranwala Medical College & Teaching Hospital Gujranwala

Post Graduate Resident Orthopaedic Surgery.

Naeem Hussain , Gujranwala Teaching Hospital Gujranwala.

PGR Orthopaedics.

Sultan Faisal Ijaz , Gujranwala Medical College & Teaching Hospital Gujranwala

PGR Orthopaedics.

Syed Asif Ali Shah, Gujranwala Medical College Gujranwala

Professor of Orthopedics.

Tayyab Shoaib, Gujranwala Medical College Gujranwala

Assistant Professor.

Mohammad Nauman Shahid, Gujranwala Teaching Hospital Gujranwala

Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon.

Syed Ahtisham Anjam Gilani , DHQ Teaching Hospital Gujranwala

PGR Orthopedic Surgery.


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