Association between Sedentary Lifestyle and Quality of Life among Young Adults

Main Article Content

Maira Rizwan
Muhammad Mahmood Alam
Muhammad Waseem Akhtar
Fatima Inam
Faria Yaseen
Saiem Alam
Muhammad Burhan


Background: The sedentary lifestyle prevalent among young adults has raised concerns due to its association with decreased quality of life and increased risk of chronic diseases. Physical activity, conversely, is known to enhance health-related quality of life (HRQOL) across various populations. Understanding the dynamics between sedentary behavior, physical activity, and quality of life is crucial for developing effective health interventions.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health-related quality of life among young adults, with a specific focus on the impacts of screen time and physical exercise.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 145 participants from two educational institutions over six months. The WHO Quality of Life scale brief questionnaire and a sedentary behavior questionnaire were employed for data collection. Participants were categorized by gender, marital status, and current health status. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25, with the Chi-square test determining the association between variables, and a p-value of less than 0.05 considered statistically significant.

Results: Of the participants, 58.6% were male, and 41.4% were female, with 93.8% being single. The majority (86.9%) reported not being currently ill. A significant relationship was found between computer use for homework and quality of life (Chi-square = 6.405, p = 0.041). Participants engaging in regular physical activity reported higher HRQOL compared to those with sedentary behaviors, indicating an inverse relationship between screen time and HRQOL.

Conclusion: The study highlights the negative impact of sedentary behavior, particularly screen time, on health-related quality of life, while reinforcing the benefits of regular physical activity. These findings suggest that interventions aimed at reducing sedentary behavior and promoting physical activity among young adults are crucial for improving HRQOL.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rizwan, M., Alam, M. M., Akhtar, M. W., Inam, F., Yaseen, F., Alam, S., & Burhan, M. (2024). Association between Sedentary Lifestyle and Quality of Life among Young Adults. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 774–779.
Author Biographies

Maira Rizwan, Akhtar Saeed College of Rehabilitation Sciences Lahore Pakistan.

Physical Therapist.

Faria Yaseen, Akhtar Saeed College of Rehabilitation Sciences Lahore Pakistan.

Physical Therapist.


Caspersen CJ, Powell KE, Christenson GM. Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public health reports. 1985;100(2):126.

Katzmarzyk PT, Powell KE, Jakicic JM, Troiano RP, Piercy K, Tennant B, et al. Sedentary behavior and health: update from the 2018 physical activity guidelines advisory committee. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2019;51(6):1227.

Biswas A, Oh PI, Faulkner GE, Bajaj RR, Silver MA, Mitchell MS, et al. Sedentary time and its association with risk for disease incidence, mortality, and hospitalization in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of internal medicine. 2015;162(2):123-32.

Dempsey PC, Larsen RN, Dunstan DW, Owen N, Kingwell BA. Sitting less and moving more: implications for hypertension. Hypertension. 2018;72(5):1037-46.

Hamilton MT, Hamilton DG, Zderic TW. Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Diabetes. 2007;56(11):2655-67.

Zhou J, Zhou Q, Wang D, Zhang T, Wang H, Song Y, et al. Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with dyslipidemia. Beijing da xue xue bao Yi xue ban= Journal of Peking University Health Sciences. 2017;49(3):418-23.

Healy GN, Wijndaele K, Dunstan DW, Shaw JE, Salmon J, Zimmet PZ, et al. Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity, and metabolic risk: the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Diabetes care. 2008;31(2):369-71.

Rey-López JP, Vicente-Rodríguez G, Biosca M, Moreno LA. Sedentary behaviour and obesity development in children and adolescents. Nutrition, metabolism and cardiovascular diseases. 2008;18(3):242-51.

Schmid D, Leitzmann MF. Television viewing and time spent sedentary in relation to cancer risk: a meta-analysis. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2014;106(7):dju098.

Lynch BM. Sedentary behavior and cancer: a systematic review of the literature and proposed biological mechanisms. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 2010;19(11):2691-709.

Vandercappellen EJ, Koster A, Savelberg HH, Eussen SJ, Dagnelie PC, Schaper NC, et al. Sedentary behaviour and physical activity are associated with biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and low-grade inflammation—relevance for (pre) diabetes: The Maastricht Study. Diabetologia. 2022;65(5):777-89.

Lee S-H, Son C, Yeo S, Ha I-H. Cross-sectional analysis of self-reported sedentary behaviors and chronic knee pain among South Korean adults over 50 years of age in KNHANES 2013-2015. BMC public health. 2019;19:1-11.

Chastin SF, Mandrichenko O, Helbostadt J, Skelton DA. Associations between objectively-measured sedentary behaviour and physical activity with bone mineral density in adults and older adults, the NHANES study. Bone. 2014;64:254-62.

Huang Y, Li L, Gan Y, Wang C, Jiang H, Cao S, et al. Sedentary behaviors and risk of depression: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Translational psychiatry. 2020;10(1):26.

Janssen I, LeBlanc AG. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2010;7(1):1-16.

Gopinath B, Hardy LL, Baur LA, Burlutsky G, Mitchell P. Physical activity and sedentary behaviors and health-related quality of life in adolescents. Pediatrics. 2012;130(1):e167-e74.

Jaeschke R, Singer J, Guyatt GH. Measurement of health status: ascertaining the minimal clinically important difference. Controlled clinical trials. 1989;10(4):407-15.

Bize R, Johnson JA, Plotnikoff RC. Physical activity level and health-related quality of life in the general adult population: a systematic review. Preventive medicine. 2007;45(6):401-15.

Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. Cmaj. 2006;174(6):801-9.

Davies CA, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, van Uffelen JG. Associations of physical activity and screen-time on health related quality of life in adults. Preventive medicine. 2012;55(1):46-9.

Rejeski WJ, Brawley LR, Shumaker SA. Physical activity and health-related quality of life. Exercise and sport sciences reviews. 1996;24(1):71-108.

Brown DW, Brown DR, Heath GW, Balluz L, Giles WH, Ford ES, et al. Associations between physical activity dose and health-related quality of life. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2004;36(5):890-6.

Tessier S, Vuillemin A, Bertrais S, Boini S, Le Bihan E, Oppert J-M, et al. Association between leisure-time physical activity and health-related quality of life changes over time. Preventive medicine. 2007;44(3):202-8.

Wu XY, Han LH, Zhang JH, Luo S, Hu JW, Sun K. The influence of physical activity, sedentary behavior on health-related quality of life among the general population of children and adolescents: A systematic review. PloS one. 2017;12(11):e0187668.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>