Association of Compassion Satisfaction and Burnout among Nurses Dealing with COVID-19 Patients in Intensive Care Unit

Main Article Content

Fazal Haq
Shahzad Bashir
Santosh Kumar
Atif khan


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has placed unprecedented stress on healthcare workers, particularly nurses working in intensive care and high-dependency units. Understanding the dynamics of compassion satisfaction and burnout in this context is crucial for developing effective support mechanisms.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the levels of compassion satisfaction and burnout among nurses caring for COVID-19 patients and to explore the association between these variables and demographic factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six tertiary care hospitals in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, from February to December 2021. A total of 365 nurses were selected using a convenience sampling technique. Data were collected through demographic questionnaires and modified ProQOL scales for compassion satisfaction and burnout. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25, employing chi-square tests for categorical variables and ANOVA for continuous variables to explore associations and differences.

Results: The mean compassion satisfaction score was high at 43.93 ± 4.17, with significant differences observed across age, qualification, and experience groups but not between genders. Male nurses reported a slightly higher compassion satisfaction score (43.96 ± 4.14) than female nurses (43.92 ± 4.19). The average burnout score was 23.26 ± 4.09, with significant differences noted across gender and age groups. Male nurses and those in older age groups exhibited higher levels of burnout. A moderate negative correlation between compassion satisfaction and burnout was identified (r = -0.32).

Conclusion: The study highlights high levels of compassion satisfaction among nurses, with variations across demographic factors. A moderate negative association between compassion satisfaction and burnout suggests that enhancing nurses' compassion satisfaction could be a strategic approach to mitigate burnout. Healthcare systems should implement targeted interventions to support nurses' well-being, especially for more vulnerable groups.

Article Details

How to Cite
Haq, F., Bashir, S., Kumar, S., & khan, A. (2024). Association of Compassion Satisfaction and Burnout among Nurses Dealing with COVID-19 Patients in Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 961–966.
Author Biographies

Fazal Haq, Ziauddin University Karachi Pakistan.

MSN Scholar, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery

Shahzad Bashir, Ziauddin University Karachi Pakistan.

PhD Nursing Scholar, Associate Professor & Program Coordinator- MSN Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery

Santosh Kumar, Ziauddin University Karachi Pakistan.

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery.

Assistant Professor, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Pakistan

Atif khan, Ziauddin University Karachi Pakistan.

MSN Scholar, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery.


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