The Literature Review on Curriculum Implementation Problems

Main Article Content

Pakeeza Aslam
Qurratulain Mushtaq
Fraz Noor
Sania Maqbool
Nadeem Yar Khan
Junaid Sarfraz


Background: Changes in knowledge and technology are continually shaping the educational environment, thereby influencing curriculum implementation. Innovations are being made to meet the evolving educational goals, which includes overcoming various barriers to curriculum implementation.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the existing literature on curriculum implementation problems, particularly focusing on the issues faced by educational institutions in effectively applying educational theories and practices.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted, utilizing databases such as PubMed, ERIC, Google Scholar, and JSTOR. Articles published from 1997 to 2022 that discussed challenges and strategies in curriculum implementation across various educational levels and settings were included. Thematic analysis was employed to synthesize the data, identifying common themes related to the challenges and solutions of curriculum implementation.

Results: The review identified critical challenges related to four main areas: teachers, students, the curriculum itself, and institutional factors. Teacher-related challenges included inadequate professional development and inefficient teaching methods. Student-related challenges highlighted diverse learning needs and varying levels of engagement. Institutional challenges pointed to resource limitations and insufficient stakeholder support. Curriculum-related challenges were mostly about alignment and compatibility with educational goals.

Conclusion: Effective curriculum implementation is pivotal in educational settings and requires comprehensive strategies to address the myriad of challenges identified. Enhancing teacher training, improving resource allocation, and ensuring curriculum relevance are crucial for improving educational outcomes.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aslam, P., Mushtaq, Q., Noor, F., Maqbool, S., Khan, N. Y., & Sarfraz, J. (2024). The Literature Review on Curriculum Implementation Problems. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 497–501.
Author Biographies

Pakeeza Aslam, Combined Military Hospitals Lahore Medical College Lahore Pakistan.

Department of Obs and Gynae, Combined Military Hospitals Lahore Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Qurratulain Mushtaq, Combined Military Hospitals Lahore Medical College Lahore Pakistan.

Department of Obs and Gynae, Combined Military Hospitals Lahore Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Fraz Noor, District Head Quarters Hospital Narowal Pakistan.

District Head Quarters Hospital, Narowal, Pakistan.

Sania Maqbool, Lahore College for Women University Lahore Pakistan.

Department of DPT, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Nadeem Yar Khan, Combined Military Hospitals Lahore Medical College Lahore Pakistan.

Combined Military Hospitals Lahore Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Junaid Sarfraz, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar Pakistan.

Dean, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan.


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