Effect of Dynamic Balance Training on Physical Function and Proprioception in Individuals with Knee Osteoarthritis

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Mehak Bushra
Aiza Yousaf
Muhammad Usama Sohail
Atiba Saeed
Meshaal Tariq
Tarab Rasool


Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent joint disorder affecting synovial joints, particularly the knee. It leads to degeneration of cartilage, causing pain and reduced physical function. Effective treatment strategies are essential for managing symptoms and improving quality of life.

Objective: To determine the effect of dynamic balance training on physical function and proprioception in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: This quasi-experimental trial was conducted at Riphah International University Lahore, Aziz Medical Clinic, and Ali Hospital, Mughal Pura Lahore. A total of 48 patients with anterior knee pain were recruited and divided into two groups: one receiving dynamic balance training and the other receiving conventional physical therapy (control). Non-probability convenience sampling was used. Outcomes were measured using NPRS, a goniometer, the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB&M), and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC). Knee proprioception was assessed by joint position sense using a universal goniometer, with the average of three angles taken for the final reading. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.

Results: Significant differences were observed in joint proprioception between weight-bearing (WB) and non-weight-bearing (NWB) procedures. The mean difference for WB was -3.07 compared to -2.18 for NWB, with a higher relative error in WB (p < 0.05). Dynamic balance training resulted in greater reductions in NPRS scores and improvements in WOMAC scores compared to conventional physical therapy (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Dynamic balance training was more effective than conventional physical therapy in improving physical function and proprioception in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mehak Bushra, Aiza Yousaf, Muhammad Usama Sohail, Atiba Saeed, Meshaal Tariq, & Tarab Rasool. (2024). Effect of Dynamic Balance Training on Physical Function and Proprioception in Individuals with Knee Osteoarthritis. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 772–776. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.912
Author Biographies

Mehak Bushra, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science

Lecturer, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science

Aiza Yousaf, University of South Asia

Senior Lecturer, University of South Asia

Muhammad Usama Sohail, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science

Senior Lecturer, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science

Atiba Saeed, Pakistan Society for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled

Pakistan Society for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled

Meshaal Tariq, Riphah international university

Riphah international university

Tarab Rasool, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science  

Physiotherapist, PSRD College of Rehabilitation Science


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