Psychological Distress, Coping Strategies and Social Support in Parents of Children with Leukemia

Main Article Content

Muzamil Tariq
Dildar Muhammad
Sardar Ali
Shahla Arshad
Amir Sultan
Muhammad Nadim
Iffat Aisha
Sahib Jahan


Background: Leukemia poses significant distress for affected children and their families, necessitating extensive parental involvement in care. Parents must manage multiple clinic visits, medication administration, and provide emotional support during treatment, impacting their psychological well-being.

Objective: To assess the levels of psychological distress, coping strategies, and social support among parents of children with leukemia.

Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted at Bolan Medical Complex and Cenar Cancer Hospital in Quetta, Baluchistan. A total of 341 parents participated, with data collected via three standardized questionnaires: the Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP), Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Ethical approval was granted by the Khyber Medical University Peshawar.

Results: Among the participants, 36.1% were aged 25-35 years; 61.9% were male. Educational levels were 73.9% secondary and 23.8% primary. Psychological distress was reported as moderate by 86%, while 76% utilized fair coping strategies, and 95% experienced medium social support. There was no significant correlation between psychological distress and coping strategies; however, a negative association was noted between social support and psychological distress.

Conclusion: The study reveals substantial psychological distress among parents, with prevalent fair coping strategies and medium social support. Enhanced social support is negatively associated with psychological distress, highlighting the need for targeted support interventions.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tariq, M., Dildar Muhammad, Sardar Ali, Shahla Arshad, Amir Sultan, Muhammad Nadim, Iffat Aisha, & Sahib Jahan. (2024). Psychological Distress, Coping Strategies and Social Support in Parents of Children with Leukemia. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1191–1198.
Author Biographies

Muzamil Tariq, College of Nursing Balochistan Quetta Pakistan.

Lecturer, College of Nursing Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan.

Dildar Muhammad, Khyber Medical University Peshawar Pakistan.

Associate Professor, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Sardar Ali, Khyber Medical University Peshawar Pakistan.

Assistant Professor, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Shahla Arshad, Khyber Medical University Peshawar Pakistan.

Lecturer, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Amir Sultan, Times Institute Multan Pakistan.

Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Times Institute, Multan, Pakistan.

Muhammad Nadim, Ministry of Health Kuwait.

Registered Nurse, Oncology Chemobay Department, Ministry of Health, Kuwait.

Iffat Aisha, Government College of Nursing Mardan Pakistan.

Nursing Lecturer, Government College of Nursing, Mardan, Pakistan.

Sahib Jahan, Shahid College of Nursing Shabqadar Charsadda Pakistan.

Principal, Shahid College of Nursing, Shabqadar, Charsadda, Pakistan.


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