Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Children's in Rural Areas of Pakistan

Main Article Content

Afrooz Bibi
Amir Sultan
Usama Siddique
Naveed Ullah
Naveed Ullah
Nazia Shuaib
Momena Malik
Sheraz Khan


Background: Childhood obesity is a growing global epidemic affecting both children and adults. According to the World Health Organization, 43 million children under five are overweight worldwide, a concern that extends into adulthood with almost 1.5 billion affected individuals.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and underweight among primary school children in district Swat, Pakistan.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from August 2023 to February 2024, encompassing 707 primary school students selected through multi-cluster sampling. Measurements adhering to CDC guidelines were recorded. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 22, employing descriptive and inferential statistics, including chi-square tests for associations and independent t-tests and ANOVA for group differences.

Results: The cohort comprised predominantly male students (88%, 622 students), with the most common age being 11 years (31.8%, 225 students). Overall, 71.9% (508 students) were categorized as healthy, 15.3% (108 students) as overweight, 8.8% (62 students) as underweight, and 4.1% (29 students) as obese. Significant differences were observed across gender (p=0.003), age (p<0.001), and class (p<0.001), but not school type.

Conclusion: The study highlights a significant prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school students in rural Pakistan, emphasizing the urgent need for tailored obesity prevention strategies and interventions in these areas.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bibi, A., Sultan, A., Usama Siddique, Ullah, N., Naveed Ullah, Shuaib, N., Malik, M., & Khan, S. (2024). Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Children’s in Rural Areas of Pakistan. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1294–1300.
Author Biographies

Afrooz Bibi, Northwest College of Nursing Peshawar Pakistan.

Assistant Professor, Northwest College of Nursing, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Amir Sultan, Times Institute Multan Pakistan.

Associate Professor / Head of Department Nursing, Times Institute Multan, Pakistan.

Usama Siddique, Times Institute - Multan

Assistant Professor - Department of Nursing - Times Institute - Multan

Naveed Ullah, Khyber Medical University Peshawar Pakistan.

MSN Scholar, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University Peshawar, Pakistan.

Naveed Ullah, Khyber Medical University - Peshawar

MSN Scholar - Institute of Nursing Sciences - Khyber Medical University - Peshawar

Nazia Shuaib, Professional College of Nursing Islamabad Pakistan.

PhD Scholar, Zhengzhou University, China, Professor, Professional College of Nursing Islamabad, Pakistan.

Momena Malik, Professional College of Nursing & Allied Health Sciences Lahore Pakistan.

Lecturer, Professional College of Nursing & Allied Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

Sheraz Khan, Amanullah Medical and Nursing Institute Nowshera Pakistan.

Assistant Professor / Principal, Amanullah Medical and Nursing Institute Nowshera, Pakistan.


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