Association of Maternal Lifestyle Factors and Hemoglobin with Low Birth Weight

Main Article Content

Muhammad Qasim
`Maaz Ullah
Muhammad Umair
Mohammad Rabnawaz
Arbab Haroon
Tanveer Tara
Muhammad Haroon Khan
Farah Shireen
Huma Nawab
Qaisar Shah

Abstract

Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is a major global public health problem and a leading cause of neonatal mortality, as well as a significant risk factor for infant and under-five morbidity and mortality.


Objective: The study aimed to determine the association between maternal lifestyle factors and low birth weight, and to investigate the relationship between maternal hemoglobin levels and LBW infants.


Methods: A total of 518 samples were included in the study, comprising 259 cases and 259 controls. Data were collected using a standard questionnaire administered through interviews and medical record reviews. The questionnaire covered maternal lifestyle factors and hemoglobin levels. Logistic regression was employed to analyze the associations between maternal lifestyle risk factors, hemoglobin levels, and low birth weight. Descriptive statistics were calculated for each variable, and statistical relationships were assessed using IBM SPSS version 25, with a significance level set at 0.05.


Results: The study found that maternal hemoglobin levels (OR=0.742, 95% CI: 0.644-0.855, p<0.001) and gestational age (OR=0.776, 95% CI: 0.696-0.866, p<0.001) were inversely associated with low birth weight. Conversely, previous pregnancies (OR=5.043, 95% CI: 2.004-12.689, p=0.001 for one previous pregnancy), low maternal income (OR=7.156, 95% CI: 2.369-21.617, p<0.001), specific occupations (OR=2.354, 95% CI: 1.416-3.914, p=0.001), and being underweight (OR=26.829, p<0.001) were positively associated with low birth weight.


Conclusion: These findings emphasize the importance of considering various socio-economic and health factors in the prevention and management of low birth weight, with a particular focus on maternal occupational status, income, previous pregnancies, gestational age, pregnancy complications, and maternal hemoglobin levels.

Article Details

How to Cite
Qasim, M., `Maaz Ullah, Muhammad Umair, Mohammad Rabnawaz, Arbab Haroon, Tanveer Tara, Muhammad Haroon Khan, Farah Shireen, Huma Nawab, & Qaisar Shah. (2024). Association of Maternal Lifestyle Factors and Hemoglobin with Low Birth Weight. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 1559–1564. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.1090
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Muhammad Qasim, City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

`Maaz Ullah, Lawaghar Institute of Medical Sciences- Karak- Pakistan.

Lawaghar Institute Of Medical Sciences- Karak- Pakistan.

Muhammad Umair, City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

Mohammad Rabnawaz, Iqra National University- Peshawar- Pakistan.

Department Of Allied Health Sciences - Iqra National University- Peshawar- Pakistan.

Arbab Haroon, Lawaghar Institute Of Medical Sciences- Karak- Pakistan.

Lawaghar Institute Of Medical Sciences- Karak- Pakistan.

Tanveer Tara, National Skills University- Islamabad- Pakistan.

Department Of Health Sciences Technology - National Skills University- Islamabad- Pakistan.

Muhammad Haroon Khan, City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

Farah Shireen, Iqra National University- Peshawar- Pakistan.

Associate Professor, Department of Allied Health Sciences - Iqra National University- Peshawar- Pakistan.

Huma Nawab, Lawaghar Institute Of Medical Sciences- Karak- Pakistan

Lawaghar Institute Of Medical Sciences- Karak- Pakistan

Qaisar Shah, City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

City University Of Science And Information Technology- Peshawar- Pakistan.

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