Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Complications of Diabetes Mellitus in District Buner Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Main Article Content

Imad Ali Khan
Samiyah Tasleem
Muhammad Razaq
Amina Rahat
Yasin Kayani
Tahir Azeem
Hasnain Zafar
Hameed Ur Rehman
Kausar Saeed

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a significant global public health concern, particularly in developing countries like Pakistan. The Buner District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, presents a unique demographic and geographical setting for studying the prevalence and chronic complications of DM.


Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its chronic complications in the Buner District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, and to understand the demographic distribution of the disease.


Methods: A comprehensive, area-specific study was conducted from March 2022 to August 2022, involving 753 patients across eight localities in the Buner District. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, and observations at various medical centers. Participants included individuals from both rural and urban areas, with a demographic split of 486 males (64.54%) and 267 females (35.45%). The study also investigated six types of chronic complications associated with DM. Data analysis was performed using Microsoft Excel 2016 and SPSS version 25.


Results: The study found that the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Buner District was significantly high, with a higher incidence in urban areas compared to rural ones. The prevalence of chronic complications of DM varied, with cardiovascular conditions being the most prominent, followed by neuropathy, nephropathy, ocular conditions, and foot diseases.


Conclusion: The study highlights a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its chronic complications in the Buner District, with urban areas showing a higher incidence. The findings underscore the need for targeted healthcare strategies and interventions in this region to address the growing burden of DM.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khan, I. A., Tasleem, S., Razaq, M., Rahat, A., Kayani, Y., Azeem, T., Zafar, H., Rehman, H. U., & Saeed, K. (2024). Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Complications of Diabetes Mellitus in District Buner Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 335–339. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i1.413
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Imad Ali Khan, University of Buner Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.

Department of Zoology.

Samiyah Tasleem, Hamdard University Karachi Pakistan.

Department of Biotechnology & Hafiz Muhammad Ilyas Institute of Pharmacology & Herbal Science.

Muhammad Razaq, Rehman Medical College Peshawa Pakistan.

Assistant Professor Biochemistry.

Amina Rahat, University of Peshawar Pakistan.

Department of Food & Nutrition, College of Home Economics.

Yasin Kayani, Hameed Latif Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Staff Nurse Cardiac ICU.

Tahir Azeem, Kohat University of Science & Technology KUST Kohat KP Pakistan.

Department of Zoology.

Hasnain Zafar, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan Pakistan.

M.Phil. Zoology, Institute of Zoology.

Hameed Ur Rehman, Government High School Teri Karak KP Pakistan.

Physical Education Teacher, Department of Elementary & Secondary Education.

Kausar Saeed, University of Buner Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.

Department of Zoology.

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