Effect of Weight Bearing on Medial Longitudinal Arch of Foot in Healthy Adults

Main Article Content

Syed Ali Hussain
Farrah Gardezi
Qurat Ul Ain
Alishpa Sajid
Rabia Afzal
Zainab Hassan
Azfar Khurshid


Background: The medial longitudinal arch (MLA) of the foot plays a pivotal role in biomechanical stability and mobility. Understanding its behavior under different loading conditions is crucial for both clinical and sports-related applications. Previous studies have offered insights into the arch's adaptability, yet the impact of gender on this dynamic has remained underexplored.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the differences in medial longitudinal arch height between genders in non-weight bearing (NWB) and full weight bearing (FWB) positions, to ascertain if gender influences arch behavior under various loading conditions.

Methods: Conducted at the Biomechanics and Kinesiology Laboratory of Shifa Tameer e Millat University, this cross-sectional study enrolled volunteers aged 18 to 40 years with normal foot arches. Exclusion criteria included history of foot pain, foot anomalies, pregnancy, or menstruation at the time of data collection. Navicular height was measured using Kinovea software (Version 0.9.5), with participants in both NWB and FWB positions. The study received approval from the Institutional Review Board and Ethics Committee of Shifa International Hospital (IRB # 0213-23). Statistical analysis was performed using independent and paired sample t-tests.

Results: The study involved equal numbers of male and female participants, with no significant gender-based differences observed in navicular height in NWB (Males: Left Foot 5.17 ± 0.865, Right Foot 5.19 ± 0.675; Females: Left Foot 5.24 ± 0.89, Right Foot 5.39 ± 0.867) and FWB positions (Males: Left Foot 4.73 ± 0.834, Right Foot 4.88 ± 0.846; Females: Left Foot 4.83 ± 0.898, Right Foot 4.80 ± 0.837). Significant reductions in navicular height from NWB to FWB were noted across both genders (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: The medial longitudinal arch height significantly changes under weight bearing, displaying a similar pattern of adaptability across genders. This indicates that gender does not significantly influence the biomechanical behavior of the MLA under the tested conditions.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hussain, S. A., Gardezi, F., Ain, Q. U., Sajid, A., Afzal, R., Hassan, Z., & Khurshid, A. (2024). Effect of Weight Bearing on Medial Longitudinal Arch of Foot in Healthy Adults. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 442–446. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i1.427
Author Biographies

Syed Ali Hussain, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University- islamabad Pakistan.

Assistant Professor.

Farrah Gardezi, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University- islamabad Pakistan.

Undergraduate Student.

Qurat Ul Ain, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University- islamabad Pakistan.

Undergraduate Student.

Alishpa Sajid, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University- islamabad Pakistan.

Undergraduate Student.

Rabia Afzal, Shifa Tameer-E-Millat University- islamabad Pakistan.

Senior Lecturer.

Zainab Hassan, University of Management & Technology Lahore Pakistan.

Assistant Professor, School of Health Sciences

Azfar Khurshid, Bakhtawar Amin College of Rehabilitation Sciences Multan Pakistan.

Senior Lecturer.


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