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Background: Neck pain is prevalent among office workers, attributed to static postures that increase stress on neck muscles. Poor sitting posture can lead to spinal ligament damage, worsening neck pain over time. Additionally, Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is often associated with neck pain, with neck pain being a common risk factor for TMD.
Objective: This study aims to investigate the association between temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and mechanical neck pain among office workers in Lahore.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving office workers from various offices in Lahore who reported neck pain. After obtaining informed consent, data was collected using two questionnaires: the Fonseca Anamnestic Index (FAI) to assess TMJ dysfunction, and the Neck Disability Index (NDI) to evaluate the extent of neck disability.
Results: Among the one hundred participants, 67% reported minimal neck disability, 31% moderate neck disability, and 2% severe neck disability. In terms of TMJ dysfunction, 44% of participants showed no signs of TMD, 42% had mild TMD, 11% moderate TMD, and 3% severe TMD. A significant association was found between TMJ dysfunction and neck pain, with a p-value of 0.006, showing a positive correlation.
Conclusion: The study concluded that office workers with self-reported neck pain showed a higher prevalence of TMD symptoms. There exists a significant positive association between temporomandibular dysfunction and mechanical neck pain among this demographic.
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