Academic Resilience, Psychological Well-Being and Suicidal Ideation among Medical and Non-Medical Students

Main Article Content

Aoun Abbas
Sajal Zahra
Sana Shahid
Muhammad Kashif
Saqib Raza


Background: The mental health of students in higher education, particularly concerning suicidal ideation, has been an area of growing concern. Academic resilience and psychological well-being are key factors that influence students' mental health. Understanding the relationship between these factors is crucial for developing effective interventions.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the relationship between academic resilience, psychological well-being, and suicidal ideation among medical and non-medical students. The study sought to determine whether academic resilience serves as a protective factor against suicidal thoughts and how it interacts with psychological well-being.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a sample of 200 students, evenly divided between genders and educational backgrounds (medical and non-medical). The study employed the Academic Resilience Scale, the Psychological Well-Being Scale, and the Suicidal Ideation Scale. Participants' ages ranged from 18 to 25 years, with an average age of 21.35 years. Statistical analyses included correlation, regression, and t-tests, using tools like SPSS version 25 for data processing.

Results: The results indicated a positive correlation between academic resilience and psychological well-being (r=0.242, p<0.01). Regression analysis showed that academic resilience (β=-0.59, p<0.000) and psychological well-being (β=0.49, p<0.000) were significant predictors of suicidal ideation. Medical students demonstrated higher academic resilience and lower suicidal ideation compared to non-medical students. Suicidal ideation scores among non-medical students were notably higher (Mean=125.63, SD=20.07) than medical students (Mean=107.30, SD=29.86).

Conclusion: Academic resilience plays a crucial role in reducing suicidal ideation among students. Enhancing academic resilience, particularly among non-medical students, could be a key strategy in mitigating the risk of suicidal thoughts. This study highlights the importance of incorporating resilience-building initiatives in educational settings to improve student mental health.

Article Details

How to Cite
Abbas, A., Zahra, S., Shahid, S., Kashif, M., & Raza, S. (2024). Academic Resilience, Psychological Well-Being and Suicidal Ideation among Medical and Non-Medical Students. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 76–82.
Author Biography

Sana Shahid, Forman Christian College- University- Lahore



Southwick SM, Bonanno GA, Masten AS, Panter-Brick C, Yehuda R. Resilience definitions, theory, and challenges: interdisciplinary perspectives. European journal of psychotraumatology. 2014;5(1):25338.

Ryff CD. Eudaimonic well-being and health: Mapping consequences of self-realization. 2013.

Mirsky R, Xiao X, Hart J, Stone P. Prevention and resolution of conflicts in social navigation–a survey. arXiv preprint arXiv:210612113. 2021.

Bewick B, Koutsopoulou G, Miles J, Slaa E, Barkham M. Changes in undergraduate students’ psychological well‐being as they progress through university. Studies in higher education. 2010;35(6):633-45.

Izadinia N, Amiri M, ghorban Jahromi R, Hamidi S. A study of relationship between suicidal ideas, depression, anxiety, resiliency, daily stresses and mental health among Tehran university students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010;5:1615-9.

Pietruszka A. Resiliency and Well-being as Moderators of Stress. 2017.

Kim SJ, Lee J, Song JH, Lee Y. The reciprocal relationship between academic resilience and emotional engagement of students and the effects of participating in the Educational Welfare Priority Support Project in Korea: Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. International Journal of Educational Research. 2021;109:101802.

Martin AJ, Burns EC, Collie RJ, Cutmore M, MacLeod S, Donlevy V. The role of engagement in immigrant students’ academic resilience. Learning and Instruction. 2022;82:101650.

Arthur YA, Boardman GH, Morgan AJ, McCann TV. Effectiveness of a problem-solving, story-bridge mental health literacy programme in improving Ghanaian community leaders’ attitudes towards people with mental illness: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2020;42(4):332-45.

Sharma RM, Majhi TK. Assessing the risk factors of suicide among adolescents and evaluating the knowledge on suicide prevention at Goalpara, Assam. Indian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2019;16(2):72-6.

Miguel EM, Chou T, Golik A, Cornacchio D, Sanchez AL, DeSerisy M, et al. Examining the scope and patterns of deliberate self‐injurious cutting content in popular social media. Depression and anxiety. 2017;34(9):786-93.

Cassidy S, Mawdsley A, Langran C, Hughes L, Willis SC. A large-scale multicenter study of academic resilience and well-being in pharmacy education. American journal of pharmaceutical education. 2023;87(2):ajpe8998.

Brookes D, Smith A. Non-medical prescribing in healthcare practice: a toolkit for students and practitioners: Bloomsbury Publishing; 2017.

Noreen A, Iqbal N, Hassan B, Ali S. Relationship between psychological distress, quality of life and resilience among medical and non-medical students. JPMA The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2021;71(9):2181-5.

Wu Y, Yu W, Wu X, Wan H, Wang Y, Lu G. Psychological resilience and positive coping styles among Chinese undergraduate students: a cross-sectional study. BMC psychology. 2020;8(1):1-11.

Esan O, Esan A, Folasire A, Oluwajulugbe P. Mental health and wellbeing of medical students in Nigeria: a systematic review. International Review of Psychiatry. 2019;31(7-8):661-72.

Simon F, Małgorzata K, Beatriz P. Education and training policy no more failures ten steps to equity in education: Ten steps to equity in education: oecd Publishing; 2007.

Diener E. Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American psychologist. 2000;55(1):34.

Harmer B, Lee S, Duong T, Saadabadi A. Suicidal ideation. 2020.

Reker GT, Wong PT. Psychological and physical well-being in the elderly: The Perceived Well-Being Scale (PWB). Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue canadienne du vieillissement. 1984;3(1):23-32.

Garcia-Williams AG, Moffitt L, Kaslow NJ. Mental health and suicidal behavior among graduate students. Academic psychiatry. 2014;38:554-60.

Cassidy S. The Academic Resilience Scale (ARS-30): A new multidimensional construct measure. Frontiers in psychology. 2016;7:1787.

Johnson Jr A. Understanding Possible Risk and Protective Factors for High School Students Who Experience Chronic Childhood Trauma: Bethel University (Minnesota); 2022.