Role of Home Based Educational Intervention on Illness Perception and Health Services Utilization among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

Main Article Content

Farzana Yasmin
Quratul Ain
Ayesha Liaqat
Abdul Haseeb Danish
Humaira Saddique

Abstract

Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) remains a significant public health challenge globally, particularly affecting middle-aged and older adults. Effective management of COPD requires not only clinical interventions but also patient-centric educational programs that enhance illness perception and encourage appropriate health services utilization.


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a home-based educational intervention in improving illness perception and health services utilization among COPD patients.


Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Pulmonology Out-Patient Department of a public hospital in Lahore. From an initial screening of 200 participants, 130 met the inclusion criteria based on their illness perception scores. Following random sampling, 84 participants were enrolled and divided into control and intervention groups. The intervention group received a structured educational program on COPD management. Data on demographics, illness perception, and health services utilization were collected pre and post-intervention. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 25, employing t-tests to compare the outcomes between the groups.


Results: The study consisted predominantly of participants aged 30-60 years, with the majority (57.1%) in the 30-40 year age group. Post-intervention, the illness perception in the intervention group showed a significant improvement, with the mean score increasing from 54.24 ± 5.905 to 75.24 ± 7.564 (t = -14.183, p < 0.000). Health services utilization also saw a notable enhancement in the intervention group, with the mean score rising from 12.38 ± 1.396 to 20.07 ± 2.202 (t = -19.117, p < 0.000).


Conclusion: The home-based educational intervention significantly improved both the illness perception and health services utilization among COPD patients. Such interventions can be pivotal in managing COPD effectively, reducing hospital readmissions, and promoting self-management.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yasmin, F., Ain, Q., Liaqat, A., Danish, A. H., & Saddique, H. (2024). Role of Home Based Educational Intervention on Illness Perception and Health Services Utilization among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(2), 502–508. https://doi.org/10.61919/jhrr.v4i2.892
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Farzana Yasmin, College of Nursing (SIMS) Lahore Pakistan.

Nursing Instructor, College of Nursing (SIMS), Lahore, Pakistan.

Quratul Ain, College of Nursing District Headquarters Bahawalnagar-Bahawalnagar Pakistan.

Assistant Nursing Instructor, College of Nursing, District Headquarters Bahawalnagar, Bahawalnagar, Pakistan.

Ayesha Liaqat, Services Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Charge Nurse, Services Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Abdul Haseeb Danish, Services Hospital Lahore Pakistan.

Medical Officer, Services Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Humaira Saddique, College of Nursing (SIMS) Lahore Pakistan.

Nursing Instructor, College of Nursing (SIMS), Lahore, Pakistan.

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